An overview of the electoral college in the united states

This is an idea that would allow states to bypass the Electoral College without amending the U. Neither the Constitution nor federal law requires electors to vote in a particular way.

The votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were rejected in the presidential election of Thus, when the Nebraska presidential electors met in Decemberthere were four Republican electors and one Democrat. In that instance, the Senate adopted an alphabetical roll call and voting aloud.

The Electoral College: An Overview

Senate and House of Representatives combined. They send the sealed results to Washington. Does it really work this way? However, election results do not become official until weeks afterward. Faithless Electors There is no federal law or constitutional provision requiring electors to vote for the party that nominated them, and over the years a number of electors have voted against the instructions of the voters.

Among other things, the founders were afraid that the people would not be well informed enough to choose wisely. This announcement concludes the joint session and formalizes the recognition of the president-elect and of the vice president-elect.

All state recounts and court contests over presidential election results must be completed by this date. The two most common methods the states have adopted are nomination by state party convention and by state party committee. Why do we have the Electoral College?

This method has never been invoked. The electors meet in December following the November general election. The Presidential Election. The least populous state which is Wyomingaccording to the census has three electors; thus, D.

In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card. Voting[ edit ] The most common method used in U. They must be at least 35 years of age, they must be native-born citizens of the United States, and they must have been residents of the U.

Gore, who as vice president was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised by only several representatives and would have favored his candidacy, after no senators would agree to jointly object.

The Electoral College Votes for the President. Consequently, fewer voters may go to the polls in those states. Scholars call this the "faithless elector" problem. Such an incident happened in They submit their votes to a joint session of Congress, which officially declares the Presidential and Vice Presidential winners in January.

The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting. Who are the Electors? However, the Congress may remove this disqualification by a two-thirds vote in each House.

Traditionally, voters had to register at state offices to vote, but in the mids efforts were made by the federal government to make registering easier, in an attempt to increase turnout.

In many states, the state legislature selected electors, a practice which was common until the mids. This ballot also contains a referendum placed on the ballot by the state legislature.

Some states, including GeorgiaMichiganMinnesotaVirginiaWisconsinand Washingtonpractice non-partisan registration. Deadline for Resolving Election Disputes. What is the Electoral College? The idea of abolishing the Electoral College and instead electing the president by direct popular vote comes about every few years.

Some political parties may have censures they can invoke against a faithless elector, and some states have instituted laws so as to penalize faithless electors, as those electors will have made a pledge, and can be held accountable for breaking that pledge. The victor may win several large states by just a few popular votes.

Electors come from each state and the District of Columbia, and the number of electors per state varies by population larger states have more electors.

Elections in the United States

According to the U.The government of the United States is based on a written constitution. At 4, words, it is the shortest national constitution in the world. On June 21,New Hampshire ratified the Constitution giving it the necessary 9 out of 13 votes needed for the Constitution to pass.

Elections in the United States are held for government officials at the federal, state, and local levels. At the federal level, the nation's head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people of each state, through an Electoral College. Learn about the financing of presidential elections, the rules for convention delegates and the electoral college system used to elect the President of the United States.

Nov 06,  · Typically, the Electoral College meets and does its thing a month or so after the election, and few people even notice or care. Once in a while, though, people do notice and do care — a lot. Electoral college The FEC has no jurisdiction over the Electoral College.

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of States and Congress regarding the Electoral College vote for President. Electoral College: The voters of each state, and the District of Columbia, vote for electors to be the authorized constitutional members in a presidential election.

Natural Born Citizen: Someone born with U.S. citizenship includes any child born "in" the United States, the children of United States citizens born abroad, and those born abroad of.

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An overview of the electoral college in the united states
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